198 Articles by: David Broder

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David Broder is Jacobin’s Europe editor and a historian of French and Italian communism.

When Italy’s Escalator Ground to a Halt

Postwar Italy’s “escalator” system kept wages ahead of price hikes. In the 1980s, a socialist government brought it grinding to a halt — sending workers’ incomes on a decades-long downward trend.


How the Ukrainian Working Class Was Born

At the turn of the last century, Ukraine’s labor movement was subject to tsarist domination and divided along linguistic lines. The revolutions of 1917 inspired calls for self-determination and the formation of a common Ukrainian identity.