1 Article by: Adam Hochschild

Adam Hochschild is a historian, journalist, and author of numerous books, most recently American Midnight: The Great War, a Violent Peace, and Democracy’s Forgotten Crisis.

Planning for a White Terror

In 1919, with the US ruling class gripped by fear of a Bolshevik-inspired revolution in America, nativist army leaders made contingency plans for a brutal crackdown. Here’s what they had in store for New York City, the epicenter of immigrant radicalism.